The EU Digital COVID Certificate Regulation entered into awarding on 1 July 2021. EU citizens and residents will now be able to have their Digital COVID Certificates issued and verified across the EU.
Larn how to go the document from your national health dominance by selecting your country on the interactive map below.
New rules on the validity of EU Digital COVID Certificate and the coordination of prophylactic travel in the EU
As of 1 February 2022, there are new rules in place that institute a binding acceptance period of nine months for vaccination certificates, used for travel within the European union .
Member States must accept vaccination certificates for a period of 9 months following the administration of the last dose of the primary vaccination. For the Johnson&Johnson vaccine this means 270 days from the first and only shot. For a two-dose vaccine it means 270 days from the second shot, or, in line with the vaccination strategy of the Member State of vaccination, the first and only shot subsequently having recovered from the virus.
Member States should not provide for a dissimilar acceptance period for the purposes of travel inside the European Spousal relationship. The standard acceptance period does not utilize to certificates for booster doses.
These rules employ merely to the vaccination certificates used for the purpose of travel in the European union. Member States may apply different rules when using the Eu Digital COVID Certificate in a domestic context, only are invited to marshal with the acceptance catamenia set at EU level.
A person who has a valid EU Digital COVID Certificate should in principle not exist subject to additional restrictions, such as tests or quarantine, regardless of their identify of departure in the European union.
Persons without an EU Digital COVID Certificate should be allowed to travel based on a test carried out prior to or after inflow. In improver, they might be required to undergo quarantine/self-isolation when they arrive from particularly affected (dark red) areas.
Whatever measures restricting free motion must exist not-discriminatory and proportionate. Member States should, in principle, not refuse entry to persons travelling from other Member States.
What is the European union Digital COVID Certificate?
An European union Digital COVID Certificate is a digital proof that a person has either
Cardinal features of the document
- Digital and/or newspaper format
- with QR code
- gratis of accuse
- in national linguistic communication and English
- safe and secure
- valid in all European union countries
Who can get the EU Digital COVID certificate?
- All EU citizens and their family members
- Non-European union nationals who are legally staying or residing in a Member State and accept the right to travel to other Fellow member States
Can children become an EU Digital COVID Certificate?
Yes, children tin get an EU Digital COVID Certificate.
The European Medicines Agency (EMA) has given its greenish lite to the apply of the BioNTech Pfizer vaccine Comirnaty and the Moderna vaccine Spikevax for children of 12-17 years. Children can also receive a test or recovery certificate. These certificates can too exist received past their parents and stored on the parents’ smartphone app.
EU Fellow member States also agreed that minors travelling with parents should be exempt from quarantine when the parents practise non need to undergo quarantine, for example due to vaccination. Children under 12 should also exist exempt from travel-related testing.
Tin can EU citizens, or non-EU citizens legally residing in the Eu, who were vaccinated abroad become the Eu Digital COVID Certificate? If so, how?
Eu citizens who were vaccinated in a third country tin can request the EU Digital COVID Certificate, from the Member State of their nationality or residence, if they provide reliable proof of vaccination with a vaccine likewise authorised in that Member Land. Member States are not obliged to offer this possibility.
The listing of COVID-xix vaccines administered by 3rd countries, for which several EU Member States waive travel restrictions as they consider them equally corresponding to the ones approved past the EU, is available online: https://reopen.europa.eu/en.
Alternatively, the EU tin can determine to automatically recognise certificates issued by other countries, past adopting equivalence decisions. Currently in that location are 40 countries (and territories) for which the EU adopted an equivalence conclusion and whose COVID certificates are recognised under the same weather condition equally the European union Digital COVID Certificate.
The list of these countries tin be found in the section Non-EU countries (and territories) that take joined the Eu Digital COVID Certificate system on this page.
How can citizens get the certificate?
National government are in charge of issuing the certificate. It could, for instance, be issued past exam centres or health authorities, or directly via an eHealth portal.
are issued by the Member State where the vaccination has been administered.
are issued past the Member Country where the examination has taken place.
are issued by the Member State where the recovered person is located.
Information on how to get the document should be provided by the national health government.
The digital version can be stored on a mobile device. Citizens can also request a paper version. Both volition take a QR code that contains essential information, as well as a digital signature to brand sure the certificate is accurate.
Member States have agreed on a mutual design that can be used for the electronic and newspaper versions to facilitate the recognition.
Select your state on the interactive map below to larn how to get the certificate from your national wellness say-so.
Recognition by the EU of COVID certificates issued by 3rd (non-EU) countries
So far, twoscore non-EU countries (and territories) have joined the EU Digital COVID Certificate system, based on Eu equivalence decisions.
The COVID certificates issued in those 40 countries (and territories) are accustomed in the EU under the same conditions every bit the Eu Digital COVID Document. Also, the Eu Digital COVID Certificate is accepted by those forty countries.
Non-EU countries (and territories) that accept joined the EU Digital COVID Document organisation
- Republic of albania
- Cabo Verde
- El Salvador
- Faroe Islands
- New Zealand
- North Macedonia
- San Marino
- United Arab Emirates
- United Kingdom and the Crown Dependencies (Bailiwick of jersey, Guernsey and the Isle of man)
- The Vatican
How does the certificate piece of work?
How does it help free movement?
The European union Digital COVID Document is accepted in all European union Fellow member States. It helps ensure that restrictions currently in place can be lifted in a coordinated manner.
When travelling, the EU Digital COVID Certificate holder should in principle be exempt from free movement restrictions: Fellow member States should refrain from imposing boosted travel restrictions on the holders of an Eu Digital COVID Document, unless they are necessary and proportionate to safeguard public health.
In such a case – for case equally a reaction to new variants of concern – that Member State would have to notify the Commission and all other Member States and justify this decision.
Are citizens who are not still vaccinated able to travel to another EU state?
Yes. The EU Digital COVID Certificate should facilitate free movement inside the EU. It is not a pre-condition to gratis movement, which is a fundamental right in the European union.
Without a certificate, y’all might however exist discipline to restrictions similar testing or quarantine. Fellow member States can introduce travel restrictions. Delight bank check Re-openEU for the latest updates.
To ensure that there is no discrimination against individuals who are not vaccinated, the EU Digital COVID Certificate also covers test certificates and certificates for persons who take recovered from COVID-19. This way anybody tin benefit from the EU Digital COVID Certificate.
In January 2022, rules on coordination of condom and free motion in the Eu were updated to have into account the status of the person instead of the epidemiological situation at regional level, with the exception of areas where the virus is circulating at very high levels.
Frequently asked questions on the EU Digital COVID Certificate, vaccinations and travel restrictions
Can non-European union citizens travel to the Eu?
The Council agreed on an updated framework on 22 February 2022, farther facilitating travel to the EU. Member States agreed to apply these updates every bit of 1 March 2022.
Under this approach, non-EU travellers who are vaccinated with an EU or WHO-canonical vaccine should be able to travel to the Eu, provided they have received the last dose of the primary vaccination series at least 14 days and no more than than 270 days before arrival, or provided they take received a booster dose.
In addition, those who recovered from COVID-19 within 180 days prior to travelling to the EU should be able to travel to the EU if they can testify their recovery with an EU Digital COVID Certificate or a not-European union certificate deemed equivalent to the EU Digital COVID Certificate.
Persons travelling from a country or territory included on the list of countries from where all travel should be possible and who hold proof of a negative PCR examination should besides be able to travel to the EU. The Quango regularly reviews – and, where relevant, updates – a listing of such countries, based on an evaluation of the health state of affairs. All travel to the EU from countries included on this listing should exist possible, regardless of vaccination status.
In add-on, EU citizens and residents, and their family members, also as those who have an essential reason to come to Europe should proceed to be able to practice so.
How tin not-EU travellers evidence they take been vaccinated? Can they become an Eu Digital COVID Certificate?
The purpose of the EU Digital COVID Certificate is to assist facilitate gratuitous movement and travel within the Eu for both European union citizens and non-EU nationals already in the EU.
When information technology comes to proving vaccination status for those travelling from outside the EU, Eu Member States could accept vaccination certificates from non-EU countries containing the necessary data (identification of the person, type of vaccine and appointment of vaccination), taking into account the ability to verify the authenticity, validity and integrity of the certificate.
The EU can also decide to automatically recognise certificates issued past other countries. Currently this is the example for xl countries and territories. The list of these countries can be constitute in the section
Non-EU countries (and territories) that accept joined the European union Digital COVID Certificate system
on this page. The COVID Certificates issued in these countries are accepted in the EU nether the aforementioned conditions as the EU Digital COVID Document.
Lastly, an EU Member State may, upon request, issue an European union Digital COVID Document to a not-Eu national wishing to travel to the EU, provided that all reliable proof of vaccination, has been presented, but it is not obliged to do so.
For more details about what rules are in identify for not-European union nationals entering from outside the EU, yous can consult the Re-open European union website.
Does it matter which vaccine citizens received?
Vaccination certificates volition be issued to a vaccinated person for any COVID-19 vaccine. The document should clearly bespeak the proper name of the vaccine administered.
When it comes to waiving free movement restrictions, Member States but have to take vaccination certificates for vaccines which received European union marketing authorisation. Member States may also decide to waive restrictions for travellers that received another vaccine, for instance those included on the WHO emergency listing, only they are not obliged to.
If you lot take been vaccinated with a vaccine non authorised in the EU, nosotros propose you lot to bank check which vaccines are accepted by the corresponding Member State prior to your travel.
Fully vaccinated persons with the Eu Digital COVID Certificate should be exempted from travel-related testing or quarantine 14 days after having received the last dose of a COVID-19 vaccine approved for the entire EU. The same is true for recovered persons with the document.
Can I become the certificate already after the kickoff vaccination dose?
Yes, an European union Digital COVID document should be issued already after the first vaccination dose. The number of doses administered will be conspicuously stated on the vaccination certificate. Member States might not accept a partial vaccination for lifting travel restrictions. Please bank check national travel restrictions prior to your travel with the national authorities.
I had doses in unlike Member States – tin I get the EU COVID Document?
Yes. For example if you received doses in 2 separate Fellow member States, the Member Land in which you received the starting time dose should effect an European union Digital COVID Certificate indicating the start dose. The Member Land, which administered the 2d dose, will then event an EU Digital COVID Certificate indicating the second dose, one time yous provide to the authorities there the data confirming the showtime dose previously received. The aforementioned rule applies to the booster shots.
I had a mixed vaccine (two doses come from two dissimilar vaccine providers) – can I become the EU Digital COVID Certificate?
Yep. An Eu Digital COVID Certificates should exist issued to any person who received a COVID-19 vaccination. Such a document should conspicuously indicate the name of the vaccine and the number of doses administered.
When it comes to waiving travel restrictions, Fellow member States agreed that European union citizens who received mixed doses in a two-dose series of COVID-nineteen vaccination, in line with national vaccination strategies, are considered “fully vaccinated”.
Can booster doses be included in the Eu Digital COVID Certificate?
Most Member States have already started to administer COVID-19 vaccine booster doses. An EU Digital COVID Certificate must exist issued after the administration of each dose. This ways that Member States must too result a vaccination certificate in the European union Digital COVID Certificate format afterward the assistants of an boosted dose.
As of 1 Feb, new rules also have to be implemented as regards the encoding of booster shots in Certificate. Boosters volition be recorded as: iii/3 for a booster dose following a primary two-dose vaccination series; 2/ane for a booster dose following a single-dose vaccination or a one dose of a two-dose vaccine administered to a recovered person.
How does a test certificate work?
Persons with a negative examination in the EU Digital COVID Certificate format should exist exempted from possible quarantine requirements, except when they come up from areas heavily affected by the virus. The Member States agreed on a standard validity catamenia for tests: 72 hours for PCR tests and, where accepted past a Member State, 48 hours for rapid antigen tests.
Which tests are accepted for the test document?
Just so-called NAAT tests (including RT-PCR tests) and rapid antigen tests featured in the common listing established on the basis of Council Recommendation 2021/C 24/01 are eligible for a test certificate issued nether the European union Digital COVID Certificate Regulation. Each Member State can decide whether it accepts rapid antigen tests, or only NAAT tests (such as RT-PCR tests).
Which tests tin can be used for a recovery document?
Certificates of recovery (indicating that a person has recovered from an infection with COVID-nineteen) tin only be issued following a positive NAAT (nucleic acrid amplification exam) such as RT-PCR test. They tin exist issued xi days after the date of the initial test.
What data does the European union Digital COVID Document include? Is the information safe?
The EU Digital COVID Certificate contains necessary cardinal information such as name, date of nascency, date of issuance, relevant data well-nigh vaccine/ exam/recovery, and a unique identifier. This data remains on the certificate and is non stored or retained when a certificate is verified in some other Member State.
The certificates will only include a limited set up of data that is necessary. This cannot be retained by visited countries. For verification purposes, merely the validity and authenticity of the document are checked by verifying who issued and signed it. All wellness data remains with the Member Country that issued an EU Digital COVID Certificate.
What to do if the certificate contains mistakes or incorrect information?
For any technical issues with your EU Digital COVID Certificate delight contact the national regime responsible for issuing the certificates.
Validity of the certificates
A valid European union digital COVID document includes:
a vaccination document where at least 14 and no more than 270 days have passed since the last dose of the primary vaccination serial or if the person has received a booster dose
a negative PCR examination result obtained no more than 72 hours before travelling or a negative rapid antigen test obtained no more than 24 hours before travelling
a certificate of recovery indicating that no more than 180 days have passed since the appointment of the first positive PCR test result
Validity of certificates issued subsequently a booster shot
At this phase, the Commission does non propose a validity period for certificates issued based on booster shots. This means that the 9-calendar month validity catamenia should not apply to certificates issued following booster shots. Information technology can exist expected that protection from booster vaccinations may last longer than that resulting from the main vaccination serial.
The Committee will closely monitor newly emerging scientific evidence on this result. On this basis, the Committee may, at a later stage, suggest if necessary to introduce a validity menstruum as well for vaccination certificates issued following a booster if necessary.
Potential use of certificates for access to facilities
European union law covers the employ of the Eu Digital COVID Certificate to facilitate rubber free motion inside the EU.
Member States can also use the COVID-xix certificates for domestic purposes, such as admission to events or venues, simply this is non regulated at the European union level.
In case a Member Country adopts a arrangement of COVID-nineteen certification for domestic purposes, it should ensure that the Eu Digital COVID Certificate is also fully accustomed. This is to make sure that travellers going to some other Member State do not have to obtain an additional national certificate.
For how long volition the EU Digital COVID Certificate exist in identify?
Currently, the Regulation on the Eu Digital COVID Certificate applies for 12 months from 1 July 2021. In February 2022, the Committee proposed to extend it by a year, until 30 June 2023. Extending the Regulation would ensure that travellers tin continue using their COVID Certificate when travelling in the EU fifty-fifty when Fellow member States maintain certain public health measures.
Re-open Eu: up-to-date information on travel and health measures
Find up-to-date information on travel and health measures in European countries, including on quarantine and testing requirements for travellers, to help you exercise your right to gratis movement. The data is updated frequently and available in 24 languages. This should assist you plan your travel in Europe, while staying safety and good for you.
Visit Re-open up EU
25 January 2022
Council adopts a revised recommendation on measures ensuring coordination of safe travel in the EU, based on the private situation of persons and no longer on the region of origin.
21 Dec 2021
The Committee adopts rules establishing a binding acceptance period of 9 months of vaccination certificates for the purposes of intra-EU travel.
1 July – 12 August 2021
Phase-in period: if a Member Land is not yet ready to effect the new certificate to its citizens, other formats can still be used and should exist accepted in other Member States.
1 July 2021
The Eu Digital COVID Certificate enters into application throughout the EU.
Revised Council Recommendation on travel within the European union.
one – 30 June 2021
Warm-up phase: Member States can launch the certificate on a voluntary basis provided they are gear up to issue and verify certificates, and have the necessary legal base in identify.
i June 2021
EU Gateway (interconnection of national systems) goes alive.
20 May 2021
The European Parliament and the Council agreed on the EU Digital COVID Certificate.
vii May 2021
The Commission started the airplane pilot test of the EU interoperability infrastructure (EU Gateway) that will facilitate the hallmark of the European union Certificates.
22 April 2021
Member States’ representatives in the eHealth Network agreed on guidelines describing the master technical specifications for the implementation of the organization. This was a crucial step for the establishment of the necessary infrastructure at European union level.
14 April 2021
The Quango adopted its mandate to start negotiations with the European Parliament on the proposal.
17 March 2021
The Commission proposed a legislative text establishing a common framework for an EU document.
27 January 2021
Guidelines laying out interoperability requirements of digital vaccination certificates were adopted, building on give-and-take held between the Commission and Fellow member States in the eHealth Network since November 2020.