Every bit a network engineer, I spend a lot of time troubleshooting why net connections are weak and dull.
This has led me to create this troubleshooting checklist that I follow every time I try to identify an issue with a network. Now I share it with you, so keep reading to learn how to prepare your result.
#1 – Know Your Cyberspace Plan
#two – Restart Your Router
#3 – Reposition Your Router
#iv – Update the Router Firmware
#5 – Alter Signal Frequency
#6 – Change Router Aqueduct
#7 – Become Rid Of Intruders
#eight – Disconnect Unused Devices
#ix – Priorities Data With QoS
#x – Change Your DNS
#eleven – Get a Newer/Better Router
#12 – Buy a Wi-Fi Extender
#13 – Contact Your Internet access provider
#1 – Know Your Internet Plan
The first matter you MUST cheque is so that you don’t have slow internet considering that is what you are paying for.
You must know what your cyberspace plan is. If you don’t know you can acquire it by either login in on your ISP website or call and ask them.
And then come across your internet speed with a speed exam and compare this result with what you are paying for. It is usually slightly lower, merely not much. If it is a lot slower then continue with the next steps.
Otherwise, the adjacent steps are pointless, and the only affair you tin practise is to upgrade your plan to a better one.
#2 – Restart Your Router
This step is a very simple one. Turn off your router, await for around 30 seconds and turn it on again.
You would be surprised how often this works and how often I equally a network engineer solve bug simply by restarting devices.
#iii – Reposition Your Router
Another very common issue is the router’southward position. At that place are a couple of rules you should follow when positioning your router.
The first one is that you should keep the router as high as possible in the house. Preferably on a loftier shelf or the ceiling.
Furthermore, you should attempt to position it as much in the center of the abode as possible.
So the router bespeak tin reach every corner.
Many people find the router ugly and hide it in a closet and then wonder why their net is and so slow, avert this as much as possible.
Also, endeavour to continue the router away from mirrors and windows. These reflect and weaken the router signal. If y’all don’t have the option to move the router you can effort roofing them upward with curtains.
Other things that will weaken your point are.
- Fish tanks. Water absorbs radiation and will this weakens the signal a lot.
- Refrigerator. A fridge is a lot of metal, and metallic is as well very skillful at stopping wifi signals
- Walls and closed doors. Thicker walls will weaken the signal more than thin walls volition. Effort opening doors in your house to permit your signal to travel more freely. 
Consider all these rules and potential wifi signal blockers when positioning your router in your dwelling. And if y’all’re uncertain you can test some different options and then run a speed test for each 1 and see which identify is best for your router, click here to find out the all-time net speed tests.
#4 – Update the Router Firmware
Most of the fourth dimension any of the three first steps will do the trick, but sometimes you lot demand to go a bit deeper. This is when you demand to begin working with the router software.
The first thing you should exercise is to check for updates on the router’s firmware. This may not only fix your problem but will also improve the security of the router.
I have yet to write a guide on how to update a router’s firmware. But I found this very good guide, one WikiHow that will show yous how to update your router firmware.
#5 – Change Signal Frequency
There was this 1 fourth dimension where I was trying to figure out why the office lunchroom had such a bad net connectedness. The router signal seemed to disappear inside there.
Information technology was and so I realized, it was all the microwaves. Y’all see microwaves have a nearly identical frequency to routers of 2.4 GHz. Therefore, I changed the frequency of the router to 5GHz, and similar that the lunchroom had an internet connection.
So if you have a dual-band router, you tin change your frequency by login into your router’s admin panel and change the frequency from 2.4 to 5GHz. This works because fewer devices operate on this frequency and thus your wifi signal volition have less interference.
Moreover, 5GHz also offers a faster net speed than two,4Ghz. You should however note that 5Ghz has a shorter reach than 2,4Ghz. And then if you take a big dwelling house this might make the internet connection worse at some places. [two]
Some other option is to lower the number of devices you lot have connected to Bluetooth and other household electronics yous have turned on. As they all have a very similar frequency as the Wi-Fi point does and will interfere with it.
#6 – Alter Router Channel
Fifty-fifty if you have changed your frequency to 5Ghz your router might still get interferences. Not from your microwave but rather your neighbor’south routers.
Then you lot tin change the router aqueduct. You lot do this past login into your router and alter information technology from auto to any channel. 
Preferably the to the lowest degree used one in your neighborhood. You can either try different ones and test the speed. Or download MetaGeek, which will identify the least used network in your area.
If you lot still have 2,4Ghz on your router I would recommend using channels 1, 6, or 11.
They are the only one that doesn’t extend over to other channels. In my experience “one” is the to the lowest degree used channel in most cases.
#7 – Become Rid Of Intruders
If you accept an open network, or a network with a weak password, like 123456 or something. Y’all might want to brand sure you don’t have whatsoever uninvited guests using your internet.
If your “guests” are downloading the unabridged LOTR trilogy on your Wi-Fi your internet speed will suffer significantly.
You lot can either log in to your router and bank check the devices connected to it or tin can download programs that volition bank check for you.
This might be a proficient choice since the router admin panel is somewhat flawed and will oftentimes not show all devices connected to it.
Here is a guide on how to bank check for unwanted Wi-Fi users.
#eight – Disconnect Unused Devices
Fifty-fifty if yous don’t apply a device to expect at Netflix or send a message that device volition yet use the internet. A good affair to try is to disconnect unused devices from your cyberspace and run across if information technology will work ameliorate.
Often, you volition find that one or 2 devices were uploading some pictures or downloading an update.
This volition, withal, often not be necessary if yous follow my next step.
#nine – Priorities Data With QoS
QoS allows for priorities of what yous think is of import. Yous could for case prioritize Netflix over downloads.
This would make any downloads when y’all sentry Netflix go much slower. But your movie won’t offset lagging because someone is downloading something.
You can well-nigh often observe QoS if you login into your router and go to advanced settings.
Some routers as well offer 1-click multimedia where you can cull what type of activity is to be prioritized. 
#10 – Change Your DNS
The Domain Proper name System (DNS) is what translates domain names (such as networkshardware.com, or google.com) into IP addresses (192.123.322.i for example).
This office converts user-friendly domain names into numeric IP addresses the internet can understand. Your dwelling house network nearly always uses the DNS service supplied by your Isp.
The problem with this is that often, the ISP-supplied DNS service is tedious and will not always work in regards to caching. This will dull down your internet connection. [v]
Luckily, you tin can change the DNS y’all are using. I would recommend changing it to either Google’s DNS or to Cloudflare’southward DNS.
Both companies provide a secure and fast service that volition boost your internet connection.
Here are some resources on how to change DNS
- How to change DNS (Google)
- How to change DNS (Cloudflare)
#11 – Get a Newer/Improve Router
The router technology moves very fast, and if yous take an older router it will non provide you with the all-time internet connexion. The same can be said if yous only spent $20 dollar on your router, it will likewise not provide the best internet connection.
An older router might nevertheless be using the older and much slower 802.11n standard or even 802.11g standard. These standards support a lower net speed than new versions volition.
802.11g for example just supports an internet speed of 54Mbps and 802.11n only supports 300Mbps. I would recommend ownership at least an 802.11ac which supports upwardly to 1Gbps. 
The problem with cheaper routers is that their signals often are weak and they go worse way quicker than a more than expensive router. They as well often take an inferior firewall compared to the more than expensive options.
I recommend spending at to the lowest degree $100 on a router. This will give yous a router that will do its job. If you have a huge home I might stretch it up to $250. Only not much further.
It’south better to purchase a new router than ownership extenders because extenders often just encompass up the bad router for a while.
And in the finish, yous will demand to purchase a new router anyhow. And when you lot do, you notice out you don’t need the Wi-Fi extender anymore.
If you want assistance with choosing router then bank check out pinnacle routers for your internet service provider
#12 – Purchase a Wi-Fi Extender
If you have a new and expert router and y’all still go a bad Wi-Fi signal. And so I would recommend getting one Wi-Fi extender.
Sometimes even newer routers are incapable of providing your entire habitation with Wi-Fi. Could be because of its size, or how many thick walls and corners the signal needs to go past.
So if all the steps to a higher place fail to increase your Wi-Fi signal then purchase an extender.
An extender will receive your router point and amplify it and then it will reach longer.
The major disadvantage of extenders is that they often take their own SSID. This means that you lot demand to alter your Wi-Fi network when yous are in the router’s dead zone.
A more expensive, but much amend pick is to upgrade your home to a mesh network. Mesh networks usually utilise 2-3 routers rather than one.
This volition give you a much bigger area of coverage for your network as well as ofttimes boost the wireless internet speed. 
#13 – Contact Your Internet service provider
If y’all have followed all these steps and you still don’t have a better Wi-Fi connection and increased internet speed.
And so you take my permission every bit a network engineer to call your Isp and ask them about the issue. Tell them all you have done and ask if they tin exercise annihilation about it and I promise y’all they volition be impressed.
To follow these steps nearly always solves the upshot for me, and I hope it will practice for you.
If you want to acquire some more than most the interesting topic of networks and how they work.
Then I recommend checking out my guide on Router vs Modem – What’south the Difference?